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Chalcis

This paper reports how chemical analysis shows that the Kavalliani shipwreck carried a cargo of MBP from Chalcis.
These results propose Chalcis as a main medieval maritime hub, as most of the cargoes of tablewares in shipwrecks of the Middle Byzantine period are of the same types, and most probably have the same origin.

Download here before December 29th - or request a copy from us afterwards.

S.Y. Waksman, G. Koutsouflakis, J. Burlot, L. Courbe, Archaeometric investigations of the tableware cargo of the Kavalliani shipwreck (Greece) and into the role of the harbour of Chalcis in the...

We were happy to have the CNRS propose a press release on one of our latest paper about the MBP (Main Middle Byzantine Production) of Chalcis / Chalkida, pointing out the role of this harbour in maritime trade in the Byzantine and Frankish periods.

Read the press release in French or in English

Read the article in the journal "Le Figaro"...

Chalcis was identifed as a production center of amphorae types Günsenin 2 and 3 - a prominent one for the latter type. This new result further highlights the role of Chalcis in maritime trade involving both food containers and tablewares, already pointed out by our study of the "MBP" tablewares.

The paper is available in open access and contains a downloadable 3D model of a typical example of Günsenin 3 amphora (link to the free 3D viewer MeshLab; open the .obj file through File/Import mesh), which may be seen and manipulated online on Elsevier's website:

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The importance of the main "Middle Byzantine Production" (MBP), which includes several 12-13th c. pottery types known as "Fine sgraffito ware", Aegean Ware" etc., is seen both through its large distribution and by its predominance in 12th-13th c. AD shipwrecks. With the help of chemical analysis, we show in this paper that it was manufactured in Chalcis (Greece), the harbour of wealthy Byzantine Thebes, and later on a Venetian hub under the name of Negroponte. These results question the impact of the Frankish conquest on production and diffusion of goods, and raise issues for future research on consumption and food...

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